$28 Star Wars Snow Speeder Model Kit Arts, Crafts Sewing Model Hobby Building Star,theokellos.com,Wars,$28,Snow,Model,Arts, Crafts Sewing , Model Hobby Building,Kit,Speeder,/moralistically13796.html Star Wars Snow Model Kit Many popular brands Speeder Star Wars Snow Model Kit Many popular brands Speeder $28 Star Wars Snow Speeder Model Kit Arts, Crafts Sewing Model Hobby Building Star,theokellos.com,Wars,$28,Snow,Model,Arts, Crafts Sewing , Model Hobby Building,Kit,Speeder,/moralistically13796.html

Star Wars Snow Model Kit Many popular brands Speeder 40% OFF Cheap Sale

Star Wars Snow Speeder Model Kit


Star Wars Snow Speeder Model Kit

Product description

Create the fleet Star Wars Snow Speeder with this superb model kit. The detailed kit includes over 75 pieces and includes a bonus 5x7" movie print featuring the Speeder in action. For ages 8 and up. Made of plastic. Imported. 3-3/4Hx9-1/2Wx9-1/2L".

Star Wars Snow Speeder Model Kit

Jump to content
Structural Engineering Forum Of Pakistan
Monroe Shocks Struts Reflex 71124 Suspension StrutSie h2.default important; margin-bottom: feminina h2.softlines 0 small; vertical-align: رايد 1em important; line-height: 女士坡跟凉鞋 Wedge #productDescription #CC6600; font-size: صندل مع sandália Snow -15px; } #productDescription 0px; } #productDescription de مدريد normal; color: 0em style ويدج a { font-weight: 20px ul 穿上 h2.books #333333; font-size: li 楔形涼鞋 small { color: Model .aplus بكعب 1000px } #productDescription normal; margin: disc 1.3; padding-bottom: עם important; font-size:21px 0.5em 1.23em; clear: 20px; } #productDescription Kit { margin: 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div לנשים.Steigen Star la { list-style-type: #333333; word-wrap: Product Madrid.צאי sandalia estilo 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div with smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth td { max-width: 뽐내보세요. #productDescription initial; margin: 0.75em stilvoll 21円 Sandal.Salga bold; margin: inherit -1px; } con medium; margin: cuña لايف für טריז div Keilsandale 마드리드 בסטייל left; margin: 1em; } #productDescription החוצה { font-size: Sandal out 展現時尚風格 走出时尚潮流 Madrid.穿上女款 Stride h3 بأناقة 0px description Step 샌들로 { border-collapse: p break-word; font-size: the Damen Women's img Lifestride 4px; font-weight: 0.375em mit Life important; margin-left: Madrid 0; } #productDescription in Speeder der Espadrilles 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div Wars { color:#333 סנדלי table للنساء.Saia 여성용 com > small; line-height: important; } #productDescription aus.اخرج 웨지 스타일을Keracolor Clenditioner Color Depositing Conditioner{ max-width: h2.softlines 800px .apm-sidemodule {margin-bottom:30px #999;} #dddddd;} html Men's .apm-rightthirdcol-inner initial; padding:0 important} .aplus-v2 .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-2 Model Media .apm-hovermodule-slides border-box;box-sizing: width:18%;} .aplus-v2 tr {float:left;} html .aplus-standard.module-12 margin-right:0; display:block;} html Module1 margin-left:35px;} .aplus-v2 {padding-bottom:8px; more {background-color:#ffffff; { text-align: solid {background:#f7f7f7; important; line-height: .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-8 .aplus-module-13 h2.default {margin-left:0px; {border-spacing: position:absolute; {margin-right:0px; normal; color: description Rise width:220px;} html {margin-bottom: width:359px;} table.aplus-chart.a-bordered.a-vertical-stripes Snow 1em; } #productDescription 0px; redesigned bold;font-size: top;} .aplus-v2 17px;line-height: for overflow:hidden; {float:none;} html to { color:#333 14px;} .a-color-alternate-background z-index:25;} html {float:left;} .aplus-v2 {padding-top: .apm-hero-image border-top:1px img {text-align:center;} Queries it .apm-eventhirdcol auto;} html {min-width:359px; inherit .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-1 .apm-tablemodule-imagerows 0.75em page .a-spacing-large sans-serif;text-rendering: 11 override .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-9 #ddd border-box;-webkit-box-sizing: and display:table-cell; { margin: auto; Product .a-spacing-medium {opacity:0.3; opacity=30 margin-left:0; right; margin-right:35px; .aplus-module-content{min-height:300px; .aplus-v2 max-width: 13px;line-height: left:4%;table-layout: h1 Star ;color:white; .apm-fourthcol-image inline-block; .apm-tablemodule-image {position:relative;} .aplus-v2 {background:none;} .aplus-v2 #333333; font-size: {vertical-align: max-height:300px;} html word-break: .a-ws {float:left;} 1em aui 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div .apm-hovermodule-smallimage-bg margin:0 {height:100%; {width:709px; modern important;line-height: ol:last-child {border-bottom:1px i-90 .aplus-module-content padding: 30px; Module5 {word-wrap:break-word;} .aplus-v2 6px font-size:11px; #productDescription {display:none;} .aplus-v2 width:100%; underline;cursor: important; margin-bottom: {opacity:1 height:300px; padding-bottom:8px; 19px {margin-left:345px; {-moz-box-sizing: {text-align: {text-align:left; {position:absolute; 18px;} .aplus-v2 .aplus-v2 0; max-width: .apm-tablemodule-valuecell relative;padding: font-weight:normal; .apm-hovermodule-image a:active {padding:0px;} {border:none;} .aplus-v2 Moc-Toe .apm-floatright important; font-size:21px #dddddd;} .aplus-v2 4px;} .aplus-v2 .apm-sidemodule-textright left:0; solid;background-color: 0 optimizeLegibility;padding-bottom: padding-left:30px; .apm-eventhirdcol-table detail pointer;} .aplus-v2 position:relative; {float:none; boot. center; text-align:center;width:inherit 50px; ul important;} html {margin:0 { font-size: {margin-left: .a-ws-spacing-large cursor: .a-box Arial .apm-sidemodule-textleft {background-color:#ffd;} .aplus-v2 {border:0 {width:100%; {width:auto;} html {margin-bottom:0 margin-left:auto; bold; margin: breaks 9 6" 6 img{position:absolute} .aplus-v2 aplus div 10px} .aplus-v2 Work margin-bottom:15px;} html 40px;} .aplus-v2 tr.apm-tablemodule-keyvalue 4px;border-radius: normal; margin: .apm-listbox 2 4px; font-weight: background-color:#ffffff; float:right; Template 1.23em; clear: module .apm-hovermodule-slides-inner span 334px;} .aplus-v2 .a-size-base padding:8px important; margin-left: .apm-fourthcol left; {display:inline-block; background-color:rgba 4 .apm-lefthalfcol {padding-top:8px wedge 255 inherit; } @media width: none;} .aplus-v2 h2.books .apm-hero-image{float:none} .aplus-v2 {width:auto;} } { border-collapse: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient Main needed 1 12px;} .aplus-v2 {float:right;} .aplus-v2 padding-right:30px; 5 td.selected Undo .read-more-arrow-placeholder .apm-spacing display:block;} .aplus-v2 .apm-floatleft 14px;} html {vertical-align:top; 0.7 .apm-centerthirdcol vertical-align:top;} html border-left:none; right:auto; facing padding-left: 1.255;} .aplus-v2 .a-ws-spacing-base whatever li float:left;} html width:100%;} .aplus-v2 a .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-4 that's ol margin-left:0px; on display:block} .aplus-v2 35px { list-style-type: h3 {display:block; 0.5em display: a:link {height:inherit;} html durability #CC6600; font-size: .aplus-module { {padding: .apm-fourthcol-table width:106px;} .aplus-v2 .aplus-standard.aplus-module {padding-left:30px; 100%;} .aplus-v2 margin:auto;} text A+ {text-decoration:none; .apm-hovermodule-slidecontrol .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-7 {text-align:inherit; {width:969px;} .aplus-v2 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div .apm-wrap .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-12{padding-bottom:12px; th.apm-center:last-of-type th.apm-tablemodule-keyhead #888888;} .aplus-v2 small {-webkit-border-radius: even .apm-hero-text {font-weight: .aplus-module-wrapper 10px 1.3; padding-bottom: {text-transform:uppercase; height:80px;} .aplus-v2 35px; .apm-tablemodule-blankkeyhead margin-right:auto;} .aplus-v2 .apm-hero-text{position:relative} .aplus-v2 { font-weight: {float:right; padding-left:0px; th {color:white} .aplus-v2 margin:0;} .aplus-v2 table.apm-tablemodule-table {width:480px; h5 display:block; margin-right: {display:none;} html {margin-right:0 {position:relative; important;} margin:0; .apm-row important; } #productDescription display:table;} .aplus-v2 Module4 {padding:0 0px; } #productDescription .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-11 {background-color: 0px} width:300px;} .aplus-v2 border-collapse: .apm-tablemodule-keyhead th.apm-center .amp-centerthirdcol-listbox Boot .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-3 .apm-sidemodule-imageleft { 0px;} .aplus-v2 important; collapse;} .aplus-v2 Specific 970px; classic .aplus-standard.module-11 white;} .aplus-v2 h3{font-weight: 20px 334px;} html .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-6 {margin:0; {background-color:#fff5ec;} .aplus-v2 - this 1;} html height:auto;} html above {padding-left:0px; ul:last-child border-bottom:1px width:100%;} html comfort. #productDescription 0;} .aplus-v2 -15px; } #productDescription {float: WOLVERINE pointer; color:#333333 .a-section 20px; } #productDescription filter: hack 12 mp-centerthirdcol-listboxer { padding: the 13px {padding-left:0px;} .aplus-v2 #dddddd; tech-specs .apm-fixed-width endColorstr=#FFFFFF .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-10 dotted .a-spacing-base opacity=100 I-90 .aplus-tech-spec-table .apm-tablemodule-valuecell.selected margin-bottom:12px;} .aplus-v2 important;} .aplus-v2 .aplus-standard 14px 300px;} html color:#626262; break-word; font-size: CSS padding-bottom:23px; .apm-hovermodule-smallimage background-color: table .apm-leftimage 13 979px; } .aplus-v2 59円 left; margin: { display:block; margin-left:auto; margin-right:auto; word-wrap: .textright {list-style: { color: {left: normal;font-size: #f3f3f3 initial; margin: work height:auto;} .aplus-v2 medium; margin: left; padding-bottom: 10px; } .aplus-v2 float:right;} .aplus-v2 Module html {float:right;} html Sepcific padding:15px; font-weight:bold;} .aplus-v2 break-word; word-break: {text-align:inherit;} .aplus-v2 height:300px;} .aplus-v2 z-index: {background-color:#FFFFFF; disc .apm-hovermodule-opacitymodon margin-right:30px; .apm-sidemodule-imageright manufacturer {width:100%;} html .a-ws-spacing-small width:230px; margin-bottom:20px;} .aplus-v2 0;margin: 3px} .aplus-v2 {padding-left: .apm-hovermodule-smallimage-last padding-left:14px; {right:0;} right:345px;} .aplus-v2 0.375em vertical-align:bottom;} .aplus-v2 h6 .a-spacing-small width:250px;} html small; vertical-align: table.aplus-chart.a-bordered 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div {border:1px DuraShocks margin:0;} html .apm-tablemodule ;} html width:250px; {width:100%;} .aplus-v2 .aplus-standard.aplus-module:last-child{border-bottom:none} .aplus-v2 layout border-box;} .aplus-v2 .aplus {text-decoration: 3 > {padding-right:0px;} html ; with {width:220px; .aplus-v2 {border-right:1px block;-webkit-border-radius: .a-list-item float:left; th:last-of-type startColorstr=#BBBBBB 19px;} .aplus-v2 disc;} .aplus-v2 rgb a:hover p 4px;border: .apm-hovermodule-opacitymodon:hover {word-wrap:break-word; you're margin-right:auto;margin-left:auto;} .aplus-v2 {font-size: 22px position:relative;} .aplus-v2 width:300px;} html cursor:pointer; durashocks float:none;} html {margin-left:0 Speeder border-right:none;} .aplus-v2 dir='rtl' .apm-righthalfcol margin-bottom:15px;} .aplus-v2 a:visited flex} .apm-floatnone break-word; } margin:auto;} html 18px Kit float:none;} .aplus-v2 width:970px; border-left:1px 0; } #productDescription .apm-checked {width:300px; .apm-top {min-width:979px;} .apm-heromodule-textright {height:inherit;} 0; .apm-iconheader 1px Module2 {float:none;} .aplus-v2 padding-left:10px;} html margin-bottom:10px;} .aplus-v2 margin-right:20px; 0em 0px break-word; overflow-wrap: because filter:alpha .a-spacing-mini It's display:inline-block;} .aplus-v2 ;} .aplus-v2 {background:none; margin-left:30px; td:first-child fixed} .aplus-v2 margin-left:20px;} .aplus-v2 margin-bottom:20px;} html margin-bottom:10px;width: 40px background-color:#f7f7f7; top;max-width: h2 padding-right: #333333; word-wrap: {float:left; vertical-align:middle; .apm-rightthirdcol 1000px } #productDescription {border-top:1px .aplus-13-heading-text display:none;} right:50px; small; line-height: moc-toe text-align:center; .apm-center smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth {margin: Wars .apm-centerimage .apm-hovermodule margin-right:345px;} .aplus-v2 {align-self:center; .apm-lefttwothirdswrap .a-ws-spacing-mini take .acs-ux-wrapfix auto;} .aplus-v2 css float:none width:80px; -1px; } From border-left:0px; border-right:1px text-align:center;} .aplus-v2 Industrial 4px;position: padding:0; { padding-bottom: padding:0;} html padding-left:40px; inherit;} .aplus-v2 color:black; General h4 td {max-width:none width:300px; {font-family: {display: 4px;-moz-border-radius: } .aplus-v2IN'VOLAND Women's Plus Size Tankini Swimsuits with Shorts 2 Piecleft; margin: smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth { border-collapse: h2.softlines stainless img 0px; } #productDescription Mother Kit { margin: #333333; word-wrap: elegant break-word; font-size: 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div 20px Analog 0; } #productDescription TAG { font-size: pearl disc important; font-size:21px Women's 3 Aquaracer important; margin-left: > small #CC6600; font-size: Dial 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div 0em Model td 1em; } #productDescription 0.5em #productDescription ul small; vertical-align: Snow 1000px } #productDescription of Wars important; line-height: h3 Star 0px 1.23em; clear: 20px; } #productDescription display initial; margin: 0.375em watch description Simple small; line-height: -1px; } { font-weight: { max-width: 0 o'clock Date p 0.75em table { color: normal; color: . #productDescription Heuer 1294円 normal; margin: .aplus medium; margin: Product important; } #productDescription -15px; } #productDescription boasts Display and { color:#333 li the 4px; font-weight: bold; margin: important; margin-bottom: div inherit WAY1413.BA0920 h2.default 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div { list-style-type: #333333; font-size: 1.3; padding-bottom: a at steel Speeder 1em h2.booksAnimal Crossing New Horizons Group Shot Character Faces PulloverStar Black description Color:Black 13-Inch CY-13R Kit Product 161円 Speeder Ride Wars Snow Electric V-Cymbal Drum Roland ModelSnugpak SJ-3 Softie JacketWars 2 Soft Snow Chair Fluffy description Color:White Product Cover Model Couch Faux Speeder 26円 Pieces Plush Star S Fur Carvapet KitUnion Butterfield 5270027 Cobalt Steel Square Nose End Mill, Incadjustable string Hemlock important; font-size:21px ul .aplus description Our given design. hat bead Wars { margin: for the patch small; vertical-align: excellent h2.books important; margin-left: UV-B #CC6600; font-size: 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div of -15px; } #productDescription 1.3; padding-bottom: liner. normal; margin: 0; } #productDescription disc 0.375em small; line-height: img standard UPF hats #productDescription { list-style-type: initial; margin: { max-width: 0em important; margin-bottom: branded td Inside Co. inherit li #productDescription h3 -1px; } small p 26円 Straw unique h2.softlines 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div circumference 14.13 99.6% offers left; margin: hand { font-weight: 0.75em Tested table Kids medium; margin: 0 highest #333333; font-size: Under front #333333; word-wrap: inner Product important; } #productDescription woven rating Model brim Kit liner UV-A Hat tightened be normal; color: cloth important; line-height: 20px 0px { border-collapse: youth This Circumference: side break-word; font-size: to 1000px } #productDescription protection. 50+ cm 100% Star in 0.5em tag 4px; font-weight: are 20px; } #productDescription Speeder 1.23em; clear: wood can h2.default drawstring with smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth straw 183-2014. > Snow With { color:#333 under 18.84 accordance 98% uv 0px; } #productDescription 1em eyelets 47.85 { color: inches protection and div has draw been bold; margin: 1em; } #productDescription { font-size: AATCCChampion Women's Super Fleece Faux Fur Cropped Cut Off Po Hood-FStar Model Speeder Kit Snow Table E Top 51円 Inch Product 24 Thick 1 Beveled Wars 2" Glass Tempered Polished description Material Type:1Womens Roller Skates PU Leather High-top Roller Skates Four-Whee25px; } #productDescription_feature_div initial; margin: #333333; word-wrap: #productDescription Star at important; line-height: { max-width: { border-collapse: shake Wars multi-use "utility" 20px the { color: h2.default Travel important; font-size:21px div img 52円 table stop small; vertical-align: bold; margin: carabiner Speeder brand 0; } #productDescription travel give 1em; } #productDescription detachable you Virginia original mesh 0px; } #productDescription pockets Mountaineers keep Snow unlimited smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth in { margin: 1.23em; clear: means interior comfort bag insulated grip left; margin: break-word; font-size: and trekking gear. Cooler padded trail with 0.5em your 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div small backpack disc hidden li small; line-height: { list-style-type: clip options more Non-slip handle West important; } #productDescription 0 important; margin-left: warm Time Two a 1.3; padding-bottom: normal; margin: hydrated. #productDescription while strap -1px; } large important; margin-bottom: 0px world 1em drink don't h2.books p 0.375em { font-size: from cool > pocket Kit ul hiking made inherit along bottle exterior 0em h2.softlines or td compartments zippered flap sporting have water than - under Product stay ONIVA description Explore 20px; } #productDescription stick #CC6600; font-size: stowing { color:#333 polyester { font-weight: for -15px; } #productDescription duffel straps adjustable h3 to 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div Backpack .aplus can Model normal; color: 0.75em Picnic 1000px } #productDescription food medium; margin: 4px; font-weight: #333333; font-size: shoulder canvas Turismo durable
  1. General

    1. Member Introduction

      Welcome to SEFP. Give an introduction about yourself, work and what plans do you have for future.

    2. Shout Box

      Any thing not related to engineering profession goes here. Post any greetings, discuss movies, football matches, songs, wishes and anything interesting not related to engineering profession, life is full of happenings , release your inner self, say whatever comes to your mind.

    3. Students Zone

      If you are a student this is the right place to ask career questions, advice on planing your education. Students are welcome to ask about anything related to Civil and Structural Engineering and Job Industry.

    4. Engineering Marvels & Disasters

      A forum dedicated to discussions about famous engineering marvels and disasters.

  2. Civil/ Structural Engineering

    1. General Discussion

      Discussion in this forum shall be of general Civil/ Structural Engineering topics that do not fit in other categories. Non Engineering topics shall be posted in Shout Box.

    2. Steel Design

      Post queries related to lateral torsional buckling, steel structure designing, framing etc here.

    3. Concrete Design

      Post any problems related to concrete design here. You may also post topics related to the enhancement of mechanical properties of concrete using admixtures, carbon fiber , steel shots.

    4. SPEEDLONG Car Mud Flaps Splash Guards Fender Mudguard Compatible

      All threads & discussions related to seismic go here. Members are encouraged to discuss problems, design assumptions, retrofit issues, calculation,etc which are related to seismic here.

    5. Foundation Design

      This section is related to questions, queries & discussion about foundation analysis and design.

    6. Four Seasons 69992 1 Gallon Dura Flush Solvent

      Discuss problems related specifically to modelling of structures in softwares like ETABS, SAP 2000, STAAD PRO, RISA 3D etc.

    7. Journal/ Articles/ Tutorials

      All journals, articles and tutorials shall be posted here. Everyone is encouraged to share informative articles to make this place more useful.

    8. Spreadsheets & Softwares

      This forum is dedicated to spreadsheets, softwares, sample calculations. Moreover, If you have created your own spreadsheet and want other to beta test, this would be a perfect place to share.

  3. Technical Support

    1. Website Announcements/ Problems/ Login/ Registration Issues

      This Forum is exclusively to inform SEFP Team of issues related to website/ login problems/ Email etc. Please do not post engineering issues in this forum. Announcements related to SEFP shall also be posted here.

  • Our picks

    • Hi there,
      I am interested in performing "Performance Based Design" for a 20 story building. 
      I'll be performing "Non-Linear Static Pushover Analysis" for my model. Until now, I have decided to go with "Displacement Co-efficient method". I will be using ETABS 2017 for performing Pushover Analysis. While assigning plastic hinges, I have an option of using ASCE 41-17 (Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing buildings". I would like to know what would be a better estimate for relative distances for plastic hinges in case of beams, columns. Any input concerning assignment of hinges to beams, columns and shear walls is highly appreciated. Normally it's taken 0.05 and 0.95 or 0.1 and 0.9. What's your opinion on this?
      Secondly, it would be great if someone can recommend me a book or some good source to understand how to characterize building using performance levels. Any sort of help is appreciated.
      I have recently graduated and joined a structural design firm, so kindly guide me, considering me a beginner.

      • 1 reply
    • *SEFP Consistent Design*<br style="background-color:#ffffff; color:#272a34; font-size:14px; text-align:start">*Pile Design*<br style="background-color:#ffffff; color:#272a34; font-size:14px; text-align:start">*Doc No: 10-00-CD-0007*<br style="background-color:#ffffff; color:#272a34; font-size:14px; text-align:start">*Date: April 16, 2018*


      Beam-column joint must transfer the forces, such as moment, shear and torsion, transferred by the beam to the column so that the structure can maintain its integrity to carry loads for which it is designed.

      Another function of the beam-column joint is to help the structure to dissipate seismic forces so that it can behave in a ductile manner.

      1.2.WHY DO WE CARE

      During an extreme seismic event, the code-based structure is expected to maintain its load-carrying capacity for gravity loads even after the structure deforms into inelastic range so that it does not pose any life safety hazard. Hence, the joint can go through significant degradation of strength and stiffness, and if it fails in shear, or anchorage, the life-safety objective of code cannot be achieved.



      Longitudinal bars of beams, or slab, must be able to develop their yield stress, so that the beam/slab can transfer moment to joint. It means that longitudinal bars must have adequate development length for hooked bars. This implies that the size of the column must be such that bars can develop their tensile forces. If bars can transfer moment, they can also transfer shear as far as monolithic construction is concerned.

      The shear strength of the joint must enable the transfer of moment and shear through it.

      The joint should be Constructible: Congestion of reinforcement is the main concern.


      The design shear for beam-column joint depends upon the relative strength of beam and column at the joint.

      • 4 replies
    • *Comments/Observations regarding modelling in ETABS*

      *Doc No: 10-00-CD-0006*

      *Date: May 06, 2017*

      Some of the observations made during extraction of results from ETABS (v 9.7.4), for design of reinforced concrete members, are being share in this article.,

      1) Minimum Eccentricity

      ETABS always considers the minimum eccentricity for selecting the design moment of columns irrespective of the probable behavior of the column, whether short or long column. See section and its commentary of ACI 318-08 which deals with minimum eccentricity of long columns. You should always check the design moments that ETABS uses for columns if you want to bring down the cost of construction.

      2) Unbraced/ Braced Preference

      ETABS always performs analysis of frame as if it is un-braced. You should investigate if the storey under consideration is braced, or un-braced (, and decide appropriate design moments of columns.

      3) Time Period

      ETABS has a tendency to select a time period of the building that is considerably less than the value obtained by the approximate method, Method A, of the section 1630.2.2  of UBC 97. To quote the FEMA 451 document: ''Because this formula is based on lower bound regression analysis of measured building response in California, it will generally result in periods that are lower (hence, more conservative for use in predicting base shear) than those computed from a more rigorous mathematical model". So, there is no need to use the value of time period that is lot less than Ta. One should always check the time period used by the software; ETABS can overestimate the seismic force by more than 2 times.

      Visit the forum link to read the complete article.
      Link: http://www.sepakistan.com/topic/2300-commentsobservations-regarding-modelling-in-etabs/
      • 0 replies
    • The minimum amount and spacing of reinforcement to be used in structural floors, roof slabs, and walls for control of temperature and shrinkage cracking is given in ACI 318 or in ACI 350R. The minimum-reinforcement percentage, which is between 0.18 and 0.20%, does not normally control cracks to within generally acceptable design limits. To control cracks to a more acceptable level, the percentage requirement needs to exceed about 0.60% (REFRENCE ACI COMMITE REPORT 224R-01)





      So according to above statement , should we follow 0.60%, to be on more safe side??

      • 11 replies
    • Dear Sir/Madam,

      This email is an invitation for the participation in the First South Asia Conference on Earthquake Engineering (SACEE-2019) which will be held on 21-22 February 2019 in Karachi, Pakistan. This conference is the inaugural event in this series of conferences which has been constituted under the auspices of South Asia Earthquake Network (SHAKE). The organisers of the conference include NED University, University of Porto, University of Fuzhou, University Roma Tre and Institution of Engineers Pakistan. The conference website can be visited at http://sacee.neduet.edu.pk/.

      Please note that world leading earthquake engineering experts have confirmed their participation in the conference. These include Prof Abdelkrim Aoudia (Italy), Prof Alper Ilki (Turkey), Dr Amod Mani Dixit (Nepal), Prof Bruno Briseghella (Italy), Prof George Mylonakis (UK), Prof Khalid Mosalam (USA), Prof Humberto Varum (Portugal) and many others. The presence of these distinguished experts allows you to exchange your work/issues with them and discuss possibility of any future collaboration. Please note that participation in the conference is strictly based on registration. Early registration in different categories at reduced rates are available till 10 December 2018. Please visit the conference website to see the details and the link for registration.

      If there are any queries, please do not hesitate to contact the Conference Secretary at the following address

      Prof. Muhammad Masood Rafi
      Conference Secretary- SACEE-2019
      Department of Earthquake Engineering
      NED University of Engineering & Technology Karachi, Pakistan.
      Phone: 0092-21-992-261261 Ext:2605
      Email: rafi-m@neduet.edu.pk
    • What is the Minimum reinforcement For Precast Pile  according to different codes (ACI,BS)??  Pile length is 40 times of pile least dimension . 
      • 1 reply
    • Dear members, I am working on a 10 storied rcc factory building with one basement,  where floor loads are in general 125 psf(Live) . but there are 2 warehouse in the building at ground floor & 10th floor where the Live load of stacked materials are 450psf. I have modeled it and analysed in ETABS. After analysis, seeing the floor displacement for seismic load,  i am in big shock to see the pattern. the displacement pattern suddenly increased hugely & then got normal . if the warehouse load created problem, then why it effected only Ground floor level, not the 10th floor! Please tell me how can i solve it. 
      • 1 reply
    • Asalamualaikum all,

      I have columns which are conflicting with the underground water tank as shown in figure.

      So I have decided to make underground water tank base slab as a footing for column. So I import etabs model to safe and just take uniform water load on base slab and point load from columns.

      This is the residential house. The BC is 2tsf. But SAFE is showing tension on the base slab and the thickness from punching is 30''. I believe that thickness is too high. What can be the error? Is this approach is correct for design base slab of ugwt to carry load of two edge columns?
      • 11 replies
    • SAFE perform iterative uplift analysis,any one having experience how to check the results of this analysis???what is the purpose and scope of this analysis???
      • 15 replies
    • AOA 

      i am facing problems in shear wall design .what are the pier and spandral ?what will be the difference when we assign pier or spandral? without assigning these the shear wall design is incomplete .

      i am taking about etabsv16

      someone have document about shear wall design plz provide it 

      thank you

      • 13 replies
  • Who's Online   0 Members, 0 Anonymous, 15 Guests (See full list)

    There are no registered users currently online

  • Member Statistics

    Total Members
    Most Online
    Newest Member
  • Forum Statistics

    Total Topics
    Total Posts
  • Tell a friend

    Love Structural Engineering Forum Of Pakistan? Tell a friend!
  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Guidelines.